An interesting 5 point test on whether to invoke the Responsibility to Protect, presented by Gareth Evans, Australia’s foreign minister for eight years in his Project Syndicate article.
- “The first criterion is the potential harm to civilians: is the threat of a type and scale that prima facie justifies the use of force?”
- “Whether the primary purpose of any proposed military action is to halt or avert the threat to civilians”
- “The issue of last resort: has every non-military option been explored and found unlikely to succeed?”
- “Proportional means: are the scale, duration, and intensity of the proposed military action the minimum necessary to meet the threat in question?”
- “The final, and ultimately the most crucial, criterion for intervention is the balance of consequences: will military intervention do more harm than good?”